Bee Varieties Range
Regarding 2009 to 2018, 192 bee range (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) ended up being trapped within the Calanques Federal Playground through one another online and you will pan trap collection. They belonged in order to six families and you will 38 genera. Megachilidae are among the very kinds-steeped nearest and dearest, followed by Apidae and you will Halictidae, that have 53, forty-two, and 43 categories, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply the newest wealthiest genus, having 33 range, whenever you are seven genera were represented regarding one variety (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Table step 1 [on the web merely] ). By using the jackknife step 1 and you may dos bots, brand new bee types fullness is actually estimated become ranging from ± nine.89 and you can ± . This new seen richness hence represented 71.step three to 79.6% of your own projected bee fullness ( Table dos). New Chao1 strategy projected the new viewed fullness to track down 76.8% of possible restriction richness ( Dining table 2). The essential numerous varieties is actually Apis mellifera L. (276 somebody), which have Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you may 168 anybody, respectively), and you will Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 some body). At some point, 50 categories (26%) was illustrated by the only 1 personal (singletons).
Environment Features out of Bees
About your ecological attributes away from nesting demands, we know 59 solitary bee types nesting significantly more than flooring, ninety five unmarried bee diversity nesting below ground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic diversity, comparable to 29.eight, 47.nine, and you will numerous.0% of the complete bee diversity richness, respectively. We notion of four personal variety (bumble bees and you may honey bees-2.1%). Eventually, this new nesting preferences regarding fourteen range are not familiar (seven.3%- Supp Dining table the initial step [on the internet merely] ). About your floral diet plan from bee groups, i discovered that 105 items (54.7%) foraged towards the of many plant varieties (we.ages., generalist assortment, polylectic) and you may 51 varieties (26.5%) foraged on one plant relatives otherwise one to/couple bush variety (i.age., elite group kinds, oligolectic). Into left thirty-six bee assortment (18.8%), the flowery diet plan wasn’t understood (elizabeth.g., with cleptoparasitic species). perhaps not, really generalist varieties displayed a desires for 1 or a variety of bush parents ( Supp Dining table step one [on the internet merely] ). To the 49 singletons, 14 bee groups (28%) got specialists, and you will nine bee variety (18%) was basically cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step 1 [online only] ).
A passionate IUCN standing can easily be bought getting 178 range (leaving out new kinds property and you can as yet not known brands). The absolute most, 47 brands was classified once the study without (DD-twenty-six.4%), 124 types was a minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), half a dozen kinds was close threatened (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), plus one species is assumed endangered (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step one [online only] ). Three oligolectic classes were one of many seven endangered bee brands. An excellent. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus was expert toward Fabaceae, D. argentata is actually a specialist to your Caprifoliaceae.
Away from 2009 so you can 2018, 38 style of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was in fact caught inside Calanques National Park. It belonged to help you twenty four genera ( Supp Table dos [on line just] ). The essential abundant genera was in fact Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 individuals), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen anyone), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville when you look at the Latreille, 1828 (13 someone), whereas 20 items (53%) was illustrated on just one personal ( Supp Dining table 2 [on line only] ). This new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) have been illustrated of 20 varieties, including five singletons (25%) ( Supp Table step three [online merely] ). The brand new quotation of complete assortment richness away-out of hover flies and you can bee flies try between 83 and you may 97 classes utilising the jackknife step 1 and you may 2 spiders, respectively. Consequently, the newest viewed fullness portrayed 59.8–69.9% of one’s estimated hover travel and you can bee travel fullness ( Dining table 2).